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SULOGIN


Section: Linux System Administrator’s Manual (8)
Updated: 17 Jan 2006
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NAME

sulogin – Single-user login
 

SYNOPSIS

sulogin

[ -e ]
[ -p ]
[ -t SECONDS ]
[ TTY ]
 

DESCRIPTION

sulogin

can be invoked by init(8) when the system goes into single user mode.
(This is done through an entry in inittab(5).)
Init also
tries to execute sulogin when
the boot loader (e.g., grub(8))
passes it the -b option.

The user is prompted



Give root password for system maintenance

(or type Control-D for normal startup):


sulogin will be connected to the current terminal, or to the
optional device that can be specified on the command line
(typically /dev/console).

If the -t option is used then the program only waits
the given number of seconds for user input.

If the -p option is used then the single-user shell is invoked
with a dash as the first character in argv[0].
This causes the shell process to behave as a login shell.
The default is not to do this,
so that the shell will not read /etc/profile
or $HOME/.profile at startup.

After the user exits the single-user shell,
or presses control-D at the prompt,
the system will (continue to) boot to the default runlevel.
 

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

sulogin looks for the environment variable SUSHELL or
sushell to determine what shell to start. If the environment variable
is not set, it will try to execute root’s shell from /etc/passwd. If that
fails it will fall back to /bin/sh.

This is very valuable together with the -b option to init. To boot
the system into single user mode, with the root file system mounted read/write,
using a special "fail safe" shell that is statically linked (this example
is valid for the LILO bootprompt)

boot: linux -b rw sushell=/sbin/sash
 

FALLBACK METHODS

sulogin checks the root password using the standard method (getpwnam)
first.
Then, if the -e option was specified,
sulogin examines these files directly to find the root password:

/etc/passwd,

/etc/shadow (if present)

If they are damaged or nonexistent, sulogin will start a root shell
without asking for a password. Only use the -e option if you
are sure the console is physically protected against unauthorized access.
 

AUTHOR

Miquel van Smoorenburg <[email protected]>
 

SEE ALSO

init(8), inittab(5).



 

Index



NAME

SYNOPSIS

DESCRIPTION

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

FALLBACK METHODS

AUTHOR

SEE ALSO



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