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VGCREATE


Section: Maintenance Commands (8)
Updated: LVM TOOLS 2.02.100(2)-RHEL6 (2013-10-23)
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NAME

vgcreate – create a volume group
 

SYNOPSIS

vgcreate

[--addtag

Tag]

[--alloc

AllocationPolicy]

[-A|--autobackup

{y|n}]

[-c|--clustered

{y|n}]

[-d|--debug]

[-h|--help]

[-l|--maxlogicalvolumes

MaxLogicalVolumes]

[-M|--metadatatype

type]

[-p|--maxphysicalvolumes

MaxPhysicalVolumes]

[[vg]metadatacopies

NumberOfCopies|unmanaged|all]

[-s|–physicalextentsize

PhysicalExtentSize[bBsSkKmMgGtTpPeE]]

[-t|--test]

[-v|--verbose]

[--version]

[PHYSICAL DEVICE OPTIONS]

VolumeGroupName PhysicalDevicePath

[PhysicalDevicePath...]

 

DESCRIPTION

vgcreate creates a new volume group called
VolumeGroupName

using the block special device PhysicalDevicePath.


If PhysicalDevicePath was not previously configured for LVM with
pvcreate(8), the device will be initialized with the same
default values used with pvcreate(8). If non-default
pvcreate values are desired, they may be given on the
commandline with the same options as pvcreate(8). See
PHYSICAL DEVICE OPTIONS

for available options. Note that the restore-related options such as
–restorefile, –uuid and –physicalvolumesize

are not available. If a restore operation is needed, use
pvcreate(8) and vgcfgrestore(8).
 

OPTIONS

See lvm(8) for common options.


-c, –clustered {y|n}


If clustered locking is enabled, this defaults to y indicating that
this Volume Group is shared with other nodes in the cluster.


If the new Volume Group contains only local disks that are not visible
on the other nodes, you must specify –clustered n.
If the cluster infrastructure is unavailable on a particular node at a
particular time, you may still be able to use such Volume Groups.

-l, –maxlogicalvolumes MaxLogicalVolumes


Sets the maximum number of logical volumes allowed in this
volume group.
The setting can be changed with vgchange(8).
For volume groups with metadata in lvm1 format, the limit
and default value is 255.
If the metadata uses lvm2 format, the default value is 0
which removes this restriction: there is then no limit.
-p, –maxphysicalvolumes MaxPhysicalVolumes


Sets the maximum number of physical volumes that can belong
to this volume group.
The setting can be changed with vgchange.
For volume groups with metadata in lvm1 format, the limit
and default value is 255.
If the metadata uses lvm2 format, the value 0 removes this restriction:
there is then no limit. If you have a large number of physical volumes in
a volume group with metadata in lvm2 format, for tool performance reasons,
you should consider some use of –pvmetadatacopies 0 as described in
pvcreate(8), and/or use –vgmetadatacopies.
[vg]metadatacopies NumberOfCopies|unmanaged|all


Sets the desired number of metadata copies in the volume group. If set to
a non-zero value, LVM will automatically manage the ‘metadataignore’
flags on the physical volumes (see pvcreate(8) or
pvchange –metadataignore) in order
to achieve NumberOfCopies copies of metadata. If set to unmanaged,
LVM will not automatically manage the ‘metadataignore’ flags. If set to
all, LVM will first clear all of the ‘metadataignore’ flags on all
metadata areas in the volume group, then set the value to unmanaged.
The vgmetadatacopies option is useful for volume groups containing
large numbers of physical volumes with metadata as it may be used to
minimize metadata read and write overhead.
The default value is unmanaged.
-s, –physicalextentsize PhysicalExtentSize[bBsSkKmMgGtTpPeE]


Sets the physical extent size on physical volumes of this volume group.
A size suffix (k for kilobytes up to t for terabytes) is optional, megabytes
is the default if no suffix is present.
The default is 4 MiB and it must be at least 1 KiB and a power of 2.


Once this value has been set, it is difficult to change it without recreating
the volume group which would involve backing up and restoring data on any
logical volumes. However, if no extents need moving for the new
value to apply, it can be altered using vgchange -s.


If the volume group metadata uses lvm1 format, extents can vary in size from
8KiB to 16GiB and there is a limit of 65534 extents in each logical volume. The
default of 4 MiB leads to a maximum logical volume size of around 256GiB.


If the volume group metadata uses lvm2 format those restrictions do not apply,
but having a large number of extents will slow down the tools but have no
impact on I/O performance to the logical volume. The smallest PE is 1KiB


The 2.4 kernel has a limitation of 2TiB per block device.



 

PHYSICAL DEVICE OPTIONS

The following options are available for initializing physical devices in the
volume group. These options are further described in the pvcreate(8)
man page.


-f, –force


-y, –yes


-Z, –zero {y|n}


–labelsector sector


–metadatasize size


–pvmetadatacopies copies


–dataalignment alignment


–dataalignmentoffset alignment_offset



 

Examples

Creates a volume group named "test_vg" using physical volumes "/dev/sdk1"
and "/dev/sdl1" with default physical extent size of 4MiB:


vgcreate test_vg /dev/sdk1 /dev/sdl1


 

SEE ALSO

lvm(8),

pvdisplay(8),

pvcreate(8),

vgdisplay(8),

vgextend(8),

vgreduce(8),

lvcreate(8),

lvdisplay(8),

lvextend(8),

lvreduce(8)



 

Index



NAME

SYNOPSIS

DESCRIPTION

OPTIONS

PHYSICAL DEVICE OPTIONS

Examples

SEE ALSO



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